REAL TIME BI PODCAST ON ORACLE DATA INTEGRATOR 12C. Part II.

REAL TIME BI PODCAST ON ORACLE DATA INTEGRATOR 12C. Part II.

In the second part of the series we cover:

More discussion on ODI vs Informatica
More on migrating from OWB to ODI
Using ODI outside the data warehouse (BI Apps)
ODI in the cloud
ODI and Big Data

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Big Data Presentation

The Big Data presentation I gave yesterday is now available for download. In this presentation I define some common features of Big Data use cases, explain what the big deal about Big Data is all about and explore the impact of Big Data on the traditional data warehouse framework.

Real Time BI Podcast on Oracle Data Integrator 12c. Part I.

I recently did a podcast with Stewart Bryson (Chief Innovation Officer RittmanMead), Kevin McGinley, and Alex Shlepakov (both Oracle Analytics at Accenture).

In the first part of this two part series we cover the following areas:

ODI 12c. What are the advantages? When should you upgrade?
Migration from OWB to ODI 12c. Should you migrate? How and when?
Comparison of ODI to Informatica and other ETL tools.
ETL style vs. ELT style data integration tools.
ODI, ETL, and data integration in the cloud.

What’s the Big Deal about Big Data? Hear me speak at OUG Ireland. 11 March 2014. Convention Centre Dublin.

What’s the Big Deal about Big Data? Hear me speak at OUG Ireland. 11 March 2014. Convention Centre Dublin.

So what’s the Big Deal about Big Data? Oil has fueled the Industrial Revolution. Data will fuel the Information Revolution.

Not convinced? Did you know that Amazon has recently patented a technology based on a Big Data algorithm that will start the shipping process before you have completed your order. That’s right. Amazon knows that you will buy some stuff from their website before you know it yourself. How amazing or scary is that?

In my upcoming presentation on 11 March in the Convention Centre in Dublin I will explore this topic further and I will talk about

- What is Big Data (and what it is not)?
- Some interesting use cases to show you what is possible.
- Why the traditional data warehouse framework and technology don’t work for Big Data.
- Big Data architecture for the Information revolution.
- The Oracle Big Data armoury

Registration for the event is now open.

Hope to see you there and talk about your Big Data project.

ODI 11g Repository Book Out Now

The book is for free. All you need to do is contact us. We will then send you a PDF version of the book. All we ask you to do is to permanently link from your blog, website, Facebook etc. to our site.

Alternatively, you can buy the book on Amazon.com. You can get the Kindle edition for $9.99. Send us your Amazon receipt for the the PDF version, which scales the submodels better.

You may be asking yourself why we have written a reference book for the ODI repository? Why not use the excellent ODI SDK to query that information? While the SDK is great at automating certain repetitive tasks it is not so good at retrieving information (in bulk) from the repository. Most ODI developers are familiar with using SQL. Not too many of us have a background in Java programming.

Some of the use cases for this book

- Extract information from the Operator log for reporting
- Impact analysis, e.g. find all interfaces a datastore is used in.
- Identify objects for deployment
- Identify objects that have recently changed
- Error message extraction
- Automated code checklist

We have split the book into two sections. The first section covers the most important subject areas of the master repository, the second section covers the most important subject areas of the work repository. Each subject area comes with a submodel, a list of relevant tables and corresponding ODI screens, and most importantly one or more useful pieces of SQL code to query the subject area in question. We have also made the models of the subject areas available online on our website http://sonra.io/odi11rep.

The book is for free. All you need to do is contact us. All we ask you to do is to permanently link from your blog, website, Facebook etc. page.

Alternatively, you can buy the book on Amazon.com. You can get the Kindle edition for $9.99. Send us your Amazon receipt for the the PDF version, which scales the submodels better.

In the book we cover the following subject areas

Physical & Logical Architecture
Repository
Link Master and Work Repository
Solution
Version
Internal Tables
Data Store
Interface Mapping
Interface Flow
Interface Knowledge Module Options
Interface Model
Interface Clause (Where & Join)
Session (Operator Log)
Package
Model Hierarchy
Project Hierarchy

ODI Training. Learn ODI from the experts.

You may also be interested in our ODI training courses. Value-priced. Customised. Onsite-Offsite. Online. Get all the details from our ODI training site

Oracle Endeca Demo Environments

Just a quick note to let you everyone know that the latest version of Endeca is available as a demo environment (hosted by Oracle).

The environment is hosted by Oracle and can be accessed with the credentials below.

URL: http://slc02oku.oracle.com:7101/eid/web
Userid = publicuser@oracle.com
Password = Admin123

Note: As the demo environment runs on port 7101 you may have problems accessing it from inside your corporate environment as your firewall will likely block this port.

Need ODI Training? Learn Oracle Data Integrator from the experts.

I am proud and delighted to announce that we are now offering ODI classes.

Learn from a combined 18+ years hands on ODI experience and get all these benefits.

Top Quality

Choose world class ODI training from THE ODI gurus. Don’t settle for less.

Value-Priced

Unrivaled in quality AND affordable at the same time.

Training world-wide

On-site or via our state of the art virtual classrooms.

FREE consulting

Get free consulting with our aftercare consulting package.

Tailor-made Training

Tell us your requirements and we will put together a custom course for you.

Mix and Match Modules

Mix and match standard modules. Combine them with custom modules.

For more information on course content and how to book your ODI course visit our ODI training page.

The Oracle Data Integrator 12c Masterstroke

Visual data flows and OWB to ODI 12c migration path

In their latest release of Oracle Data Integrator (ODI 12c), Oracle have addressed two main concerns of the analysts and some of their customers and partners. The first one is the unclear migration path from Oracle Warehouse Builder to Oracle Data Integrator. Another frequent concern was that the declarative design approach based on reusable code templates (knowledge modules) was not visual enough and scored badly in this category against other ETL tools.

People were rightly raising concerns that complex queries could not be implemented through the ODI user interface. I had always been wondering how Oracle would address those two issues. In what has to be labeled as a masterstroke of the ODI product and development teams they were able to kill two birds with one stone. And two big birds those are.

Note: As a side note I have always been wondering why ODI’s declarative design approach has not really made it on the analyst’s list of strengths for ODI. To me this metadata driven design approach that makes extreme reusability possible and significantly reduces development time is the core innovation and ultimate strength of Oracle Data Integrator.

Declarative Flow-Based User Interface

In ODI 12c, Oracle have introduced a feature that they call Declarative Flow-Based User Interface. Don’t be distracted by the name. What it means is that we can now create data flows (Interfaces were re-named to Mappings) that combine the two approaches: the visual approach of Mappings and Operators that we already know from Oracle Warehouse Builder and the powerful declarative design approach we love from Oracle Data Integrator.

With this new paradigm you essentially get the best of both worlds: ease of visual data flow development and the power of the declarative design approach. No other vendor can offer anything comparable. When would you combine the two approaches? For simple requirements I would recommend to stick to the traditional ODI approach. However, when you have complex requirements, e.g. you need to pre-aggregate data or filter a recordset based on the application of an analytic function then the new feature comes in handy.

At the moment we don’t have all of the Operators available that we know from OWB, e.g. I am missing the Pivot and Unpivot Operators, which means that complex queries requiring these can still only be generated using workarounds such as Views or similar. What would be handy is an Operator SDK that would allow to create GUI representations of database specific SQL dialects, e.g. I love subquery factoring and it would be handy to have an Operator for this or one for recursive queries etc.

ODI12c

ODI 12c Mapping: Visual Design with new Operators

OWB to ODI 12c migration

The introduction of OWB style Mappings should also faciliate the migration from Warehouse Builder to ODI 12c. The migration tool is still in Beta. While it still remains to be seen how well the migration toll will work, ODI 12c for the time being ships with the OdiStartOwbJob tool, which allows to kick off OWB jobs through ODI and store execution results in the ODI Operator log. If you have an immediate requirement to migrate from OWB to ODI contact us for our advice.

Other new features

Another interesting feature in ODI 12c is the ability to run Mappings in parallel. In practice that means that each of the temporary tables gets its own unique name avoiding clashes. In the past you had to apply workarounds.

There have also been enhancement to the Knowledge Module editor. For those of you writing a lot of their own Knowledge Modules this is welcome news.

ODI 12c now also has much tighter integration with Oracle Golden Gate. A welcome introduction for those of you running near real time data integration projetcs (another concern of analysts and some customers).

ODI 12c Gaps

While ODI 11g has brought us the SDK to automate and script common tasks, ODI 12c now brings us visual Mappings giving us new options to create data flows. Oracle Data Integrator remains the leading ETL tool on the market. With ODI 12c it has extended this lead even further. How Gartner don’t rate it above DataStage or Powercenter in their Magic Quadrant is a mystery to me.

One or two weaknesses remain. ODI 12c does not yet integrate with  source control systems out of the box. There are also no automated deployment options. While this functionality can be scripted it takes significant effort to do so. I am currently in the process of testing such an in-house developed solution. If you would like our advice how source control integration and automated deployments can be achieved get in touch.

While ODI 11g brought us improvements in the way we schedule and orchestrate data flows I am a strong advocate of dependency driven data flow execution. It is so much simpler and more efficient to hard coding of data orchestration routines. An enterprise solution with several thousand data flows will not work smoothly without a dependency driven scheduler. If you would like to find out more about our solution get in touch. You can also download our presentation ODI Scheduler- Source Control – performance on both source control and dependency driven scheduling.

Resources

The ODI 12c Developer Guide: http://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/odi/ODIDG/index.html

New Features of ODI 12c: http://docs.oracle.com/middleware/1212/odi/ODIDG/whatsnew.htm#sthref3

Download Oracle Data Integrator 12c: http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/middleware/data-integrator/downloads/index.htm

Install tip ODI Studio: https://blogs.oracle.com/dataintegration/entry/odi_12c_installing_odi_studio

ODI Training. Learn ODI from the experts.

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ODI 11g Cookbook – The leading ETL tool now also has the best ETL book

I don’t know too many books or movies where the sequel is better than the original. The ODI 11g cookbook is such a rare case. It is stuffed with 60 valuable recipes that every ODI developer should know. Apart from the value of these recipes in their own right they also showcase the flexibility of ODI and can be transfered to other problems.

My favourite chapters are; Knowledge Module Internals, Advanced Coding Techniques, Advanced Topology, and Using Variables.

A big thank you to the ODI product management team for sharing their insights.

Using ODI user functions to dynamically inject SQL into Interfaces

I’d like to share with you a recipe that demonstrates the power which the combination of ODI functions and Java BeanShell scripting techniques can provide.
Before I do so I will briefly describe the issue we recently had as a background for the use case.

Doesn’t matter which programming language or tool you use, it’s a widely known good practice not to hardcode static values into your code.
I’m talking here about various ‘configuration’ like values used within the code itself: thresholds, whitelists, blacklists, capex values etc..
During the code development phase those may very well seem static but later when product has gone live it is often required to adjust them which may even result in a hotfix case in the worst scenario.
To prevent it the values can be provided in many alternative ways including registry, ini and XML files or just anything sourced from network connection.
The ODI is no exception here and the generic purpose parameter table seem like the natural way to handle such situations.

The problem may occur when such value is to be used in an ODI interface directly.
In the case we had the large table had to be filtered using such metadata stored parameter.
One way to do this would be to pull in that table directly into the interface.
It could be then used in the join:


Unfortunately, as would really expect, the join condition:

DS.DAY_DATE>to_date(P.VALUE,‘YYYY-MM-DD’) AND KEY=‘LAST_PROGRESS_DATE’

doesn’t make a great query execution plan:


What we can alternatively do is to pass it as a regular filter in the SUBQUERY form:


DS.DAY_DATE > (SELECT to_date(value,‘YYYY-MM-DD’) FROM EDW.C_PARAMETER m WHERE KEY=‘LAST_PROGRESS_DATE’)

It doesn’t improve it a bit. Still the INDEX RANGE SCAN is performed.
Both queries take between 40minutes to 1hour.

I can almost hear you shouting “Why don’t you use an ODI variable for it?” and you’re damn right, this would solve the problem.
When static value is used the query filter

DS.DAY_DATE > #V_LAST_PROGRESS_DATE

changes the plan to simply do the FULL TABLE scan which it should do in the first place;


Using an ODI variable however has also some downsides.
Each parameter introduces an overhead of dedicated ODI variable. This in practice translates to wrapping interface in the Package with separate declaration and separate refresh step.
Very often such parameters would use the same source for it but it still requires separate refresh definition. What I have in mind here is the elegant solution seen in OBIEE where variables are just different columns which can then share the same execution block.
Another thing is that with the complex logic the number of parameters usually grows fast which simply makes it difficult to manage.
Last but not least is the fact that it makes debugging difficult. Variables by default are not seen in the operator.

This can make it even harder to find out what’s happened on Production at some point in time when log is the only thing you left with.

I said ‘by default’ as there are ways to achive it. Prior to ODI version 11.1.1.6 the variable could be only printed using tricks like throwing and ignoring exceptions or switching history for variable, neither one elegant. From that version onwards there’s variable tracking feature but again as this requires running code with log level higher than 6 something not enabled by default, especially in production environment.

It turns out that with a bit of Java BeanShell scripting such parameter values can be sourced in a run-time from the database and substituted in the right place just before the query runs.

To make the code reusable we will wrap the Java BeanShell code into the function with the syntax defined as

DS.DAY_DATE > #V_LAST_PROGRESS_DATE

The first parameter $(SQL) would just specify a full text of the query to return the parameter value. This is the equivalent of ODI Variable refresh SQL text.
The second one, $(AT) would specify which connection that refresh statement should be executed at. It should only take the values either “DEST”, “SRC” or “WORKREP”. Yes, it’s possible to get runtime repository values too!
The “SRC” might be very useful when “Command on Source/Command on Target” is used or simply when some different than Target schema is to be used for getting parameter value.

The implementation goes as following:

<?
java.sql.Connection targConnection = odiRef.getJDBCConnection(“$(AT)”);
java.sql.Statement s = targConnection.createStatement();

String
 query=“$(SQL)”;

java.sql.ResultSet rs = s.executeQuery(query);
if (rs.next())
     out.println(rs.getString(1));
else
     throw new Exception(“Query “+query+” in UDF failed.”);
s.close();
?>

Now the name for our function. As you can see from the screenshot above, it is different from the one in the syntax.
I didn’t mention it before but this is where another trick comes in.
We can actually make the second function parameter optional.

While this is directly possible in many programming languages it’s not in ODI and what we need to do here instead is to leverage another paradigm taken from programming world called function overloading.
This will be achieved by creating another function that takes one parameter and executes the original one passing it and hardcoding the second one.
The name used in the syntax for both will be the same but the syntax itself will be obviously different:

 

ODI function name

ODI function syntax

implementation

SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL_AT SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL($(SQL),$(AT)) does the heavy lifting
SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL($(SQL)) executes the function above:SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL($(SQL),DEST)
 

The second’s function implementation simply calls the first one transparently passing the same SQL and defaulting the $(AT) parameter with DEST value:

SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL($(SQL),DEST)

Thanks to it, the user can specify the second parameter or skip it whereby the ‘DEST’ would be used instead.
ODI will analyze the function call format used in the Interface and based on that will substitute relevant function.

I should also mention here there’s an ODI bug that may prevent from linking to the  right function.
I discovered the order in which functions are created plays a role here (values of internal ODI Object IDs?).

This means if we create the the ‘wrapper’ one first, ODI will assume there’s a recurrence call even within the function even when the call doesn’t match the function syntax. It can be easily diagnosed by expanding and examining ‘uses’ contents under the function itself. The following indicates wrong recurrence:

If you created the functions in the order as described in this post you should see the calls are resolved properly:

Coming back to our use case, those functions then allow using the SQL queries directly in the interface. The SQL filter below:

DS.DAY_DATE > SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL(SELECT ‘date”’||value||”” FROM C_PARAMETER WHERE KEY=‘LAST_PROGRESS_DATE’)

will be substituted nicely with

DS.DAY_DATE > date’2013-01-13′

which in brings down the query time to less than 3 minutes.

It’s not everything, the source schema for parameter table doesn’t need to be hardcoded either!
A function with nested substitution API call would work in the same way:

DS.DAY_DATE > SUBST_QUERY_RESULT_VAL(SELECT ‘date”’||value||”” FROM ”+odiRef.getObjectName(“C_PARAMETER”)+” WHERE KEY=‘LAST_PROGRESS_DATE’)

Please note that this ODI function call has one limitation though – The SQL parameter has to be all expressed within one line, doesn’t matter how long.
This however, with yet another trick can be lifted too.
You can learn about it and plenty of other useful ODI scripting techniques at our ODI training classes.

ODI Training. Learn ODI from the experts.

You may also be interested in our ODI training courses. Value-priced. Customised. Onsite-Offsite. Online. Get all the details from our ODI training site